Do children under the age of five need to be vaccinated against the Covid-19 vaccine

Children under the age of five in the United States might begin getting Covid-19 shots as early as this month or the next month if the US Food and Drug Administration works fast to approve the vaccine for children in this age range.

Vaccine manufacturers Pfizer and BioNTech submitted a request to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on Tuesday, requesting that the agency approve their child-sized coronavirus vaccine for emergency use in the United States among children aged 6 months to up to 5 years.

People as young as 5 years old have already been given the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine, and if approved, this will be the first coronavirus vaccination to be made accessible for the youngest children.

The vaccine manufacturers have petitioned the Food and Drug Administration to give emergency use authorisation for a two-dose regimen of the vaccine. In the meanwhile, the vaccine manufacturers want to continue testing a three-dose schedule in this younger age range in the near future.

The move is being made “in response to the critical public health need in this group,” according to a press release from the corporations.

The number of children under the age of five admitted to hospitals because of COVID-19 has risen dramatically. “Our common objective, in collaboration with the FDA, is to prepare for future variant surges and to provide parents with a choice to help protect their children from this virus,” said Pfizer Chairman and CEO Albert Bourla. To attain high levels of protection against existing and possible future variations, we think that three doses of the vaccine will be required for children ages six months to four years old.

Depending on what occurs next, parents may be able to schedule a vaccination appointment for their kids.

What is required before the first round of rounds may be fired?

Before the Pfizer/BioNTech coronavirus vaccine may be delivered to children under the age of five, the FDA must provide approval for its use in an emergency situation among children in that age range.

The vaccine advisory group of the Food and Drug Administration will meet on February 15 to consider the submission. Before making a decision on whether or not to grant emergency permission, the FDA will analyse the data from clinical studies included in Pfizer/EUA BioNTech’s request.

The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, which advises the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention on vaccination policy, would convene to debate the EUA, evaluate data on the vaccine, and vote on whether or not to recommend that the vaccine be used for young children.

“The FDA relies on information provided by the manufacturer. There are a variety of different data sources that the ACIP might utilize in its deliberations “As Dr. Sean O’Leary of the American Academy of Paediatrics Committee on Infectious Diseases said on CNN on Tuesday, “viral infections are on the rise in the United States.”

When Dr. Rochelle Walensky examines the ACIP’s decision, she may recommend that the vaccine be delivered to children under 5 years of age, therefore approving the administration of vaccinations to children under the age of 5.

O’Leary is also a professor of pediatric infectious disease at the University of Colorado School of Medicine and collaborates with Children’s Hospital Colorado. “At that point, it’s all about getting the vaccine sent into the locations where they’re going to be providing the vaccine,” he said.

How soon should young children be vaccinated?

According to a source familiar with the strategy, federal authorities pushed Pfizer to seek authorisation for a two-dose vaccination schedule, which would enable an EUA to potentially be granted by late February. Waiting for results from three doses might push back the start date until February.

This implies that small children as little as 6 months old and as old as 5 years old might be vaccinated as early as late February or early March.


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